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PHARMACY CORNER

Here comes the sun

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

Summer’s finally here! Whether it’s beaches, barbecues or just spending a bit more time outdoors, there’s something for everyone to look forward to. But summer is not only good for the soul – it’s also great for your health.

As the summer draws in, so does the sunshine. In the months of April, May and June the hours of sunshine begin to increase, peaking in July, and with the sunlight comes a variety of incredible health benefits.

The main advantages come from Vitamin D, which is synthesised by the body when our skin is exposed to sunlight. As the weather improves and we spend more time outside, our Vitamin D levels rise due to this increased exposure.

Vitamin D is crucial for the development and maintenance of your bones and teeth. It helps the absorption of calcium from the intestines, ensures correct renewal of bone tissue, and maintains phosphorus levels in the blood – all of which contribute to strong, healthy bones. This can reduce the risk of osteoporosis and aid the treatment of the condition.

Vitamin D is also known to have a positive effect on the immune system, the brain and the nervous system. Building up a healthy supply of Vitamin D during the summer can therefore stand you in good stead come the winter months, helping you ward off viruses like cold and flu.

It can play a role in more serious health problems too. Research shows that Vitamin D can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and severe asthma, and is also thought to help those managing diabetes to regulate their insulin levels.

However, it’s not just Vitamin D levels that improve during the summer. Greater exposure to sunlight can increase the release of a hormone called serotonin, which helps to maintain a balanced mood, a healthy appetite and a regular sleep cycle. When you’re out and about in the sunshine, the resulting increase in serotonin can help you feel calm, focussed and ready to tackle the day.

Ever noticed you or someone close to you experiences more sadness or lethargy during the winter months? This can be because of the reduced sunlight and the lowers levels of serotonin, a condition known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). If you’re worried about your mental health or that of a loved-one, it’s always a good idea to check in with your GP – at any time of year.

And let’s not forget, sunlight has its risks too, especially in the hot climate we enjoy here in Bermuda. To ensure that you’re keeping yourself safe from sun damage, it’s important to apply sun protection products like Sol Rx, Blue Lizard, Coppertone, Aveeno and others throughout the day. It’s also essential that you stay hydrated when spending a lot of time in the heat, so be sure to drink plenty of water. The best advice is to plan ahead – when heading out for a day in the sun, make sure you’re prepared. Of course, not everyone loves the sun. If you’re struggling to get enough Vitamin D then taking a supplement such as Nature’s Bounty or Nature Made Vitamin D or a good multivitamin tablet (or gummy) that contains at least 800 IU (50mcg) of vitamin D can make all the difference. Meanwhile, visit your pharmacist or GP if you have any concerns about your health. We’re here to help – come rain or shine.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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How to Keep Your Gut Happy and Healthy

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

 

This month is both Nutrition Month and Colorectal Cancer Month, which made us think that now would be a good time to check in with our digestive health.

The Bermuda National Tumour Registry reported that colorectal cancer is the third most common form of cancer in Bermuda. It typically affects those over the age of 50 years old and lifestyle factors that may increase your risk of getting it include obesity, inactivity, smoking, heavy drinking and certain diets. While studies are still being done to ascertain what specifically are the dietary factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer, the consensus seems to be that diets that are high in red and processed meats are particularly dangerous.

So, what makes a healthy diet for your digestive system? As we’ve discussed before, a well-balanced diet is the best diet. There are certain things, though, that are particularly valuable for your digestion. The king of these is fibre.

Fibre provides bulk, reducing the risk of constipation and helping to keep you regular. In addition to keeping things moving, fibre can also help lower cholesterol levels and keep blood sugar in check. It is also sometimes credited with keeping you fuller for longer, so you’re less inclined to snack.

You can get more fibre into your diet by eating foods rich in it, such as chickpeas, artichokes, bananas, oats and nuts and seeds, such as almonds and pumpkin seeds.  If you are struggling to get all of the fibre you need, though, there are a number of excellent fibre supplements, including Metamucil and Benefiber. These can be dissolved into water and drunk or taken in pill form.  You can also find Psyllium husk which can be incorporated into smoothies etc. to increase the fibre content.

Fibre is also important as a vital food source for the friendly bacteria in our guts. These good bacteria help us to combat bad microorganisms in digestive, supporting our immune systems and keeping the intestines healthy. 

These foods are high in beneficial probiotics – kimchi, pickled beets, apple cider vinegar, yogurt, pickles, and sauerkraut.

Foods rich in probiotics, including yoghurts and fermented foods are widely believed to be beneficial to our gut flora by supplementing and enriching them. Examples of healthful foods that you can stock up on in Lindo’s include sauerkraut, miso, kimchi and, of course, live yoghurts.

If you are struggling to balance your diet, then it might be worth considering taking some supplements. In addition to the aforementioned fibre supplements, there are multivitamins such as Phillips’ Colon Health Probiotic Capsules and Culturelle, which can ensure that you’re getting all of the nutrients your gut needs.

A healthy digestive system won’t just reduce your chance of colorectal cancer, it can offer a huge range of benefits from helping to maintain a healthy weight to improving your skin. Ensuring that everything is working properly will also give you peace of mind and a sense of wellness. If you have any questions or concerns about your digestive health, or want to find out more about dietary supplements, reach out to your pharmacist who will be happy to help.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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Heart attacks in women – know the signs

 

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

What do you think a heart attack looks like? Most people would be able to list off some of the most commonly known symptoms: chest pain, shooting pains in the left arm and shortness of breath. But did you know that these are the symptoms most often associated with heart attacks in male patients? Not enough people understand that heart attacks can present very differently in women, which can be dangerous.

As February is Heart Month and we are about to pass into March, which is Women’s Month, we thought this was the perfect time to brush up on our knowledge of heart disease in women and how it can present.

Heart attack symptoms are frequently seen as being less dramatic in female patients and they can take a longer period of time to develop. Many women who suffer cardiac arrest report feeling fatigued for a long period of time, experience dizziness, nausea and other flu-like symptoms. Men, on the other, tend to have localised pain in the chest and the left arm. When women do experience localised pain then it tends to be in the neck, jaw or both arms. All of this adds up to the fact that women who are in cardiac distress are sometimes misdiagnosed because their catalogue of ailments doesn’t always add up to a clear picture.

There is also a false perception that women don’t have heart attacks or that, if they do, they’re exceedingly rare. In fact, in the United States, it is the leading cause of death for women, killing 289,758 women in 2013. Approximately the same number of women as men pass away each year as a result of heart disease. Worryingly, women who do suffer heart attacks are disproportionately more likely to die than men as a result of heart disease.

While most women who suffer heart attacks are in their 70s when they first have an episode, there is an increasing trend of younger women being hospitalised for this. The American Heart Association recently found that women between the age of 35 and 54 had a 10 per cent rise in hospital admission rates for heart attacks, versus men’s 3 per cent, in the 2010-14 up from the 1995-99 period.

This means that it is vital to know what a heart attack in yourself or your loved ones might look like. Knowledge is power and will enable you to advocate for yourself in time of need.

As with most disease, prevention is the best course of action. You can reduce your chance of heart disease by avoiding or giving up smoking and maintaining a healthy lifestyle and fitness regimen. Those women who are at most risk for heart disease include diabetics, those who are menopausal, obese and under great emotional or mental strain.

If you want to take strides to improving your heart health, check out this article with some top tips and suggestions. You can also talk to your pharmacist or doctor if you have any particular concerns about your heart health and how to address them.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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A Good Night’s Sleep

 

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

A good night’s sleep is something that most people treasure: it can make you feel restored and refreshed, ready to tackle the day ahead. When we miss out on it, it can wreck our whole day, leaving us sluggish and temperamental. Amazingly, for an act that is vital to all of us, we don’t know that much about sleep: scientists are still studying it to find out exactly why we need sleep and all of its benefits.

In these short and dark days of winter, sleep can be a comfort, but many people still struggle to fall asleep and to wake up. Here are some of my thoughts and insights that you might find useful.

While there is sometimes an attitude that sleep is something that should be minimised in order to make the most of your day, this is a detrimental way of thinking. Most experts agree that good quality sleep is vital to a healthy lifestyle and is just as important as your diet and fitness routine.

A restful night of sleep will leave us feeling refreshed in the morning and will have a notable impact on concentration and productivity. Most people have had the experience of going to work after a restless night and found that they aren’t able to produce the kind of work they normally would.

A lot of people find themselves in bed, unable to shut off, worrying about the day ahead or things that they did that day. By establishing a clear routine in the evening, this can often be remedied. The blue light that emanates from the screens of electronic devices is widely believed to disrupt our sleep, stimulating our brains and suppressing melatonin production. This means that you should stop using them approximately an hour before bed, minimum. You might find temptation easier to resist if your phone or tablet is not within reach: why not leave it in a different room at night?

Before turning off your bedside light, train your body to prepare for sleep by reading a book or listening to some classical music for a short period. This can help to make you feel a little drowsy and set you off on the right foot.

If you find yourself easily disturbed as you are trying to drift off, it may be worth investing in an eye mask or earplugs – they are not just for air travel! Ensuring that your bed smells nice is useful, too, with lavender often cited as being helpful for those who want to rest. A drop of lavender essential oil on your sheets, your hands or even in a pre-bedtime bath can help to soothe your mind.

If you are still struggling with sleep, some nutritional supplements may help your body better prepare for a restful night. Melatonin, the hormone that helps your body transition to sleep, can be taken in a tablet form to help your body better regulate its wakefulness and is available over the counter. Other natural nutritional tablets, such as Valerian, can also help the body fall asleep quicker.

When it comes to waking up, try to resist hitting the snooze button over and over. Studies have shown that waking up when your alarm first goes can leave you feeling more alert in the long run whereas hitting snooze can complicate your body’s waking up process, leaving you feeling more tired.

Natural light helps in waking up but if you’re having to get up consistently before dawn, it may be worth investing in an alarm clock that wakes you up by gradually lighting the room, which can result in a less jarring wake-up call.

Should you still struggle to sleep then come and talk to your pharmacist who can suggest other medication, such as Sleep-Eeze or ZZZquil, which can help send you off to the land of nod. However, these are short-term solutions and if insomnia persists you should consult a doctor.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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Diabetes – Back to Basics

 

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

We hear a lot about diabetes in Bermuda. This is because we have an extraordinarily high rate of it in our population: at about 14 per cent we have about double the global average. While we’ve previously discussed how to manage the disease and how to reduce your risk, I thought it was time for a crash course in diabetes, just in time for Diabetes Awareness Month.

Diabetes is a lifelong condition once it develops and can have serious effects on a person’s health and lifestyle. It is defined by the body’s inability to regulate sugar in the blood, known as glucose. We take in glucose in our food, when sugars and carbohydrates are broken down. It is what gives us the energy to get on with our lives, from focusing on work to running around with our kids. Glucose levels in the blood are controlled by a hormone known as insulin which allows the sugar to enter our cells.

But those with diabetes have problems with their insulin which means that the cells don’t get the energy they need and the glucose just builds up in their bloodstream. This causes all kinds of problems including fatigue, extreme thirst, inability to heal properly and blurry vision. There are also a number of serious complications that can arise from diabetes which is why it is so important to regulate the disease with the guidance of a medical professional.

There are two primary forms that diabetes takes: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 means that a person is unable to make insulin at all and it is considered more serious and is unavoidable for those who have it – scientists have yet to discover its cause. Approximately ten per cent of those who have diabetes have Type 1 and they must regulate their blood sugar with frequent insulin shots. Typically, Type 1 develops early in life, often in childhood, though there are exceptions.

Type 2 diabetes is much more common, particularly in Bermuda, and is defined by the body’s cells not responding to insulin the way it should and/or not being able to make enough of it. It can often be avoided with a healthy lifestyle, although there are certain risk factors that can determine how likely it is that you will develop it, including: obesity, family history, an inactive lifestyle and certain ethnic factors.

Those with diabetes must be vigilant about their health and at this time of year it is also important to think about the rise of seasonal illness. Those who have diabetes are often considered by medical professionals to be more at risk of sickness and developing complications which is why we recommend the flu shot for diabetes sufferers: it is better to be safe than sorry.

If you want to find out whether you may be at risk for Type 2 diabetes, Diabetes UK has created a useful diabetes risk assessor tool that you may find useful: https://riskscore.diabetes.org.uk/start. It is much more preferable to try to reduce our risk factors for diabetes than it is to manage the disease: prevention is king.

You can find out more about diabetes in Bermuda by checking out the Bermuda Diabetes Association online at their website here: http://www.diabetes.bm/

If you have any questions about diabetes, either in yourself or a loved one, or want to find out whether you might be at risk, please speak to your pharmacist or your doctor.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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What Generic Means for You

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

Have you ever heard people discussing “generic drugs” and not been sure what they were talking about? Helping our customers find the best medicine for them and their budget is one of the great services that your pharmacist can offer you, so we want to make sure that you’re not missing out!

When your doctor gives you a prescription for medication, they will sometimes specify a particular brand of product. However, our Pharmacy Act allows pharmacists to substitute a generic or less expensive equivalent to what your doctor has prescribed, so long as you agree, without having to contact you doctor.

Generic medications contain the same active ingredients as you would find in brand name medicine and will have the same overall effect. The only difference is the packaging, branding and, occasionally, the inactive ingredients. The inactive ingredients are the things in your medicine that don’t usually have an effect on your treatment – for instance, they might affect the superficial aspects of it, such as shape or taste of it.

Most prescription drugs are available as both a brand offering and generic. Our preference is ordinarily to offer our customers the generic option as they are much more cost effective. We would never offer you a medical treatment that we didn’t think would be just as effective as a popular brand or if we thought that there would be a negative trade-off in terms of the quality of the medication.

Generic medication is typically cheaper because the company producing them does not need to invest in research, testing or advertising – the drugs being produced are copies of medicines developed and tested by big names in pharmaceuticals, once their patents have ended.

Additionally, in Bermuda, we import all of our drugs in from different countries, so sometimes we may have sourced a cheaper, brand or alternative from a different market in order to give you access to more affordable medicine.

Generic drugs are not just limited to prescription medication, many over the counter medications, such as allergy and pain relievers, also have generic alternatives.

Your pharmacist has a record of your repeat and continuing medications and by returning to the same pharmacy over and over again, you can develop a productive rapport and work together to make sure that you are taking the medicine that best fits your needs and is affordable.

If you are on a long course of medication we also encourage you to give us feedback. If you feel that one type of generic or brand medication is working more effectively than another, then let us know. We are always happy to work with you to manage your health and budget.

To find out more about generic medications and to find out if there’s one you should be using, please speak to your pharmacist.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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Clean Hands, Good Health

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

September is the time of school-time and germs! That’s why the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) organisations, Cleans Hands Coalition, is celebrating International Clean Hands Week from September 16.

We are taught from a young age the importance of washing our hands before we eat, after we have used the bathroom and anytime our hands have got dirty. However, many adults lose this conscientiousness: The Royal Pharmaceutical Society found in 2017 that 84 per cent of British adults don’t wash their hands long enough to clean them of bacteria which can cause infections or viruses and that one in five adults does not wash their hands after using the bathroom and a third don’t before preparing food.

When we don’t wash our hands of bacteria, we leave ourselves open to all kinds of diseases and infections through the transference of fecal, mucus and other matter. This can result in illnesses such as salmonella, norovirus and conjunctivitis. The best way to avoid this is to instill a proper handwashing regimen any time you come into contact with dirty material, so: after the bathroom, after using public transport, after interacting with a sick person and throughout food preparation.

The Royal Pharmaceutical Society recommends that hands must be washed for 20 seconds – long enough to hum “Happy Birthday to You” through twice – in order to effectively remove germs from them. There are also a number of useful guides about the method used to wash your hands, in particular this one from the UK’s National Health Service shows how to most effectively scrub yourself clean in the manner of surgeons.

At Lindo’s, we stock a wide range of hand-soaps, including natural ones, soaps for sensitive skin and super effective ones, such as Dial’s products.

We don’t always have the luxury, though, of having the time or facilities needed to wash our hands the old-fashioned way but that’s where hand sanitiser comes in handy! Portable and effective, a hand sanitiser is a great handbag or desk staple.

When choosing a hand sanitiser, you should look for one that has an alcohol content of at least 60 per cent, that you don’t dislike the smell of – the smell of hand sanitisers can be surprisingly long lasting – and does not include triclosan. Triclosan is an antibacterial chemical but it has recently been the subject of controversy as it may cause harmful side effects.

The CDC recommends that hand sanitisers should have an alcohol content of at least 60 per cent – the higher the alcohol content, the more germs and bacteria are eliminated. Lindo’s stocks Germ-X which is a powerful germ-killing hand sanitiser with an alcohol content of 63 per cent and comes in a range of handy sizes and scents. However, many people find that the high alcohol content in hand sanitiser can result in dry hands or may have sensitivities that that the alcohol can aggravate. To combat dry hands, it is worth investing in a hand cream (such as Nivea Hand Cream). For those who find alcohol-based sanitisers too harsh or for the very young, alcohol-free sanitisers can work, although they may be slightly less effective. CleanWell hand sanitisers are conveniently available as a foam cleanser and in wipe form and are formulated from natural ingredients designed to kill germs and leave hands soft.

When it’s not possible to wash your hands easily, such as when you’re out and about or using public transport – always a hotspot for bacterial transfer – then hand sanitiser is a great second option. Washing your hands will remove the germs from you altogether, whereas a hand sanitiser will kill them. However, there are certain bacteria that hand sanitisers are not effective against, including norovirus.

Using a hand sanitiser or washing your hands regularly can have a positive effect on your health but also on your productivity: a study in 2010 by BMC Infectious Disease Review found that office workers who used an alcohol-based sanitiser five times a day were two thirds less likely to get sick than the rest of their co-workers.

If you have any questions about how to keep your hands cleans or want product recommendations, please don’t hesitate to speak your Lindo’s pharmacist!

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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Keeping an Eye on Your Health

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

Summer is in full swing now and many of us are enjoying spending our days out in the sunshine. It is important, though, to take care of ourselves as we make the most of the good weather. Along with the risk of sun burn and dehydration, summer brings around greater instances of eye injuries – particularly in children – so we have put together some tips to take care of your sight this season.

Allergy sufferers often put up with symptoms all year round in Bermuda and summer is no exception, with our native flowers in bloom across the island. Allergy medications can help to keep itchy eyes, rashes and sniffles to a minimum but if you prefer to target the symptoms directly without dealing with any other possible side effects, such as drowsiness, drops such as Visine AC, Otrivin-Antistin and Opticrom can be very effective.

While encouraging your children to play outside is wonderful for developing their sense of imagination and will allow them to get a good workout, parents often come to expect injuries to happen – amongst these are eye injuries which can be caused by rough play, branches or dust. This is a normal part of growing up and shouldn’t deter parents from letting children explore the great outdoors, but it pays to be prepared.

A bruised or swollen eye should be treated in much the same way as a regular bruise would be treated: a cold pack should be applied to the injury for short periods of time. Pain can be relieved with over the counter painkillers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil).

An irritated eye that has dust or other particles in it can be flushed with an eyewash such as Optrex which will soothe the eye and help to dislodge anything stuck in it. It is also important to avoid rubbing the injury which might make it worse, even though it will itch.

Swimming is a great way to cool off, but it can irritate the eyes, whether it is seawater or chlorine from the pool. If you have a swimming pool, check that it is not overchlorinated – this can cause stinging pain and dry eyes. The correct pH level for a swimming pool is 7.4, which is the same level as the pH level for human eyes. It can be helpful for children to wear goggles while they are swimming, to keep irritants out.

Many people complain of feeling dried out in the summer, as air conditioners are switched on more regularly and, as a result, dry eyes are a common symptom of this. To avoid this, take care to minimise the use of your air conditioner at home: if it is a breezy day, encourage a cross draft by opening windows on opposite sides of the house and use an electric fan. Before bedtime on warm nights, run the air conditioning on full until it’s time to sleep and then switch off the air conditioning in favour of an electric fan. If dry eyes become too uncomfortable then you may want to use an eye-drop product such as Systane, Genteal or Blink, which help to lubricate the eyes and ease any discomfort.

Whenever a group of children are in close contact with one another, there is always the risk of a spread of infection. This can often lead to the much dreaded ‘pink eye’ sweeping through your child’s friendship circle or siblings. Polysporin Antibiotic Eye Drops can help to treat these quickly and efficiently and does not require a prescription: you may find it useful to keep a bottle in your medicine cabinet if a family member is prone to eye infections.

In addition to obvious physical ailments, it is important to look after the long-term health of your eyes: wearing sunglasses and a hat will help reduce glare and strain and will reduce the chance of squinting which can result in headaches.

If eye pain, redness or itching lasts longer than a few hours, then you should consult a pharmacist or a doctor. If there is any sensitivity to light or signs of a progressing infection, such as a build up of ‘eye gunk’ or if the eye has been scratched, then you should make an appointment to see a doctor.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

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Play safe around the water this summer

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

 

Swimming, boating, diving, snorkelling, fishing, jet skiing: Bermuda is surrounded by water and we appreciate its ability to cool and entertain us all summer long.

We do, however, need to respect it and the potential risks we face when in, on or around it. From drowning to the increased effects of the sun, water can pose a number of hazards that can turn a fun day to an awful memory.

To begin, when on the water, be sure to drink lots of water. It is easy to get dehydrated when in the sun all day, so plan for at least 125 mL of water per person for every half hour in the sun.

According to the CDC, most child drownings happen at a residential pool and most adult drownings occur around open water. Drowning can occur in mere minutes, and a small child can drown in just a few centimetres of water. Teaching children from a young age to be careful around water is the first step; tell them that they are never to go in water without asking permission, and sign them up for swimming lessons as young as 6 months of age. And whether in lessons or not, children should always wear a flotation device and should always be supervised when around water. Everyone, children and adults alike, should wear a flotation device during water sports.

Extended exposure to the sun’s rays is inevitable when enjoying a day on the water. Even an overcast day can cause harm to unprotected skin.

Broad spectrum sunscreens protect against both UVB rays, which cause sunburn, and UVA rays which are also harmful and cause the skin to age. Choose a broad spectrum with 30 to 50 SPF (Sun Protection Factor) for best protection.

The US Food and Drug Administration changed labelling guidelines for sunscreen in 2017, and what used to be referred to as waterproof must now be called water-resistant. Neutrogena, Ocean Potion, Coppertone and Banana Boat all have water resistant and sweat resistant formulations.

There are many choices now for sunscreen, so there is no excuse to go without. We sell Eco-friendly brands (reef safe) by Raw Elements and Sol Rx and cruelty free Vegetarian or Vegan products by Alba Botanicals and Kiss My Face. Zinc Oxide is the safest and best way to filter UVA and UVB rays; look for products from Think Baby and Blue Lizard.

Whatever you choose, apply sunscreen at least 15 minutes before going outside, and use approximately the amount of one shot glass for complete body coverage. Sunscreen should be reapplied every 80 minutes and always reapply after getting out of the water, even if you use a water-resistant brand.

If possible, avoid direct exposure to the sun between 10:00am and 4:00pm and wear clothes that cover your skin: there are a lot of SPF products for kids and adults alike. Wear a hat and protect your eyes with polarized sunglasses.

Even the most careful sunbather can suffer the odd sunburn. If you have overdone it, cover the area with a cool, damp towel or take a cool shower and leave the skin moist. Use a moisturizer with aloe vera or soy or even hydrocortisone cream to relieve the skin. Since a sunburn can cause dehydration, drink extra water.

Summer is here and Bermuda’s beautiful waters beckon. Armed with a little knowledge, common sense and some water-safe products, your day by the water can go – well, swimmingly.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

 

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Men’s Health Month

MENS HEALTH-PHARMACY CORNER-2018-

By Stephanie Simons,
Head Pharmacist,
Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire

 

This month we’re going to talk about men’s health. So much emphasis in lifestyle and health media is placed upon women, but it’s important to talk about men’s issues, too. June sees the United Kingdom celebrating Men’s Health Week from June 11-17 and the United States recognising Men’s Health Month. The goal of these events is to raise awareness of preventable health problems and to encourage earlier detection and treatment of them among men and boys.

The biggest killers of men in the United States today are heart disease and cancer, according to the Center for Disease Control. However, there are many things that can be done to reduce the risk of these diseases.

The first of which is to ensure a proper, well-rounded diet which contains a full spectrum of nutrition supplemented by an active lifestyle. This combination is the surest route to maintaining a healthy weight, which will greatly decrease the chance of heart disease. In addition to men requiring more calories than women – usually 2,500 calories a day to women’s 2,000 – men and women have slightly different needs when it comes to nutrition.

To ensure that your nutritional needs are met, we suggest taking a multivitamin specifically formulated for men, such as One-a-Day’s Men’s Health Formula or Centrum Men. These supplements will contain more zinc than a regular supplement, which aids in the production of testosterone in men. Many will also contain an antioxidant known as lycopene, which has been shown to reduce the chance of prostate cancer. The American Cancer Society (ACS) has deemed prostate cancer the most common cancer in men, with one in nine being diagnosed with it in their lifetime.

Additionally, men may want to try Tonkat Ali Honey, Maca Powder Honey with Muira Puama or Yohimbe Bark Honey with Red Ginseng – these are honeys supplemented with herbs which enhance male performance and/or benefit the prostate.

Prostate cancer develops mainly in older men, particularly those of African-American descent. About 60 per cent of cases are diagnosed in men aged over the age of 65 and it is rare before age 40. The average age at the time of diagnosis is approximately 66.

In addition to ensuring that your diet is well rounded, ACS recommends that men eat at least two and a half cups of a wide variety of vegetables and fruits each day, keep physically active and stay at a healthy weight. This is, of course, a recipe for a healthy life, not just for cancer prevention.

In addition to ensuring that your body has everything it needs to work at its best, it’s important to take care of your external body, too. That’s why many skincare brands now carry products specially formulated for men. These products can include more masculine scents and even formulations: a man’s skin is estimated to be approximately 25 per cent thicker than that of a woman’s. Dove and Nivea both offer soaps specially formulated to clean and moisturise men’s skin and both brands, as well as Neutrogena offer daily moisturisers.

Men also have to consider sun protection, which can reduce the chance of skin cancer – a serious risk in sunny Bermuda. By investing in a daily moisturiser that contains sun protection, this will help to protect the skin. Alternatively, getting into the habit of applying sunblock as part of your morning routine – after washing your face – will also work and will help to keep your complexion youthful!

While it is good to observe awareness events such as Men’s Health Week or Month, the important thing is to take on this awareness all year round and to take care of yourself properly. If you have any questions or concerns about male health, please don’t hesitate to consult a pharmacist or a medical professional.

Stephanie Simons is the head pharmacist at Lindo’s Pharmacy in Devonshire. She earned her Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy at Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and has been practicing for over 20 years. She is a registered pharmacist with the Bermuda Pharmacy Council and is a member of the Bermuda Pharmaceutical Association.

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